It’s springtime, and on a perfectly fine day, amid what the world is going through at the moment, you decide to head out. You look in the mirror and have to double-take because the dark spots that were otherwise non-threatening, are now becoming more evident. Suddenly, your skin looks dull and is more uneven. Don’t panic. Pigmentation issues, just like a mature skin, is common.
What Causes Pigmentation?
Before you go any further into your treatment plans, it actually helps to familiarize yourself with the terminologies related to different skin concerns such as hyperpigmentation. Uneven skin pigmentation is so common that others think it’s borderline normal but it isn’t. The dark spots you see or dark patches making their way to your face, neck, and even hands is the result of regular sun exposure, and sometimes, ageing.
When there’s an increase in melanin, the natural pigment that provides color to our skin, hair, and eyes increases, you experience hyperpigmentation. There are also other factors that triggers higher levels of melanin but the major culprits are sun overexposure, mature skin, injuries, and inflammation. It’s okay to tan but tan lightly. Once sun exposure messes with the process of melanin production, you develop dark spots which become even dull and even darker over time.
Melasma and Your Skin
Melasma is one example of hyperpigmentation where you see brown patches, mostly appearing on your face. This si very common among pregnant women, thus referred to as “mask of pregnancy,” although men are not immune to this condition. Sometimes, women overcome melasma post-pregnancy. There are also products that can treat it effectively such as Germaine De Capuccini’s Timexpert White Spot correcting cream induced with SPF20 for sun protection. This Correction Cream targets Dark spots and pigmentation with its advanced melanolight process technology aiming straight for the problem.
If you’re aware that you have melasma, make sure to use SPF in your daily skincare and limit activities that would require overexposure to the sun. If you can’t help it, protect your eyes and use sunscreen with SPF higher than 20 since you need to block UVA and UVB rays which triggers hyperpigmentation.
Not sure which SPF product works best? If you’re also thinking of using moisturisers with spf, consult your Doctor or ask the advice of a skin professional. It won’t hurt to be sure, especially if you’re planning on hoarding products that would help with your hyperpigmentation concerns.
Take Care of Dark Spots and Uneven Skin Tone
There are a few ways which you can reduce hyperpigmentation. If you commit to the right lifestyle, food, skin treatment and routine, you may just be able to get rid of your hyperpigmentation woes for good.
Topical and Anti-Pigmentation Creams
- azelaic acid – natural ingredient in wheat, barley, and rye that soothes inflammation
- corticosteroids – more commonly known as “steroids,” but are not the same hormone-related compound that professional athletes often abuse. Coricosteroids treat swelling and inflammatory disease
- retinoids – a broad family of Vitamin A compounds that can come in over-the-counter prescriptions found in serums, eye creams, and night moisturisers. These are known to increase collagen production thereby reducing the signs of ageing as well as epidermal melanin
- Vitamin C – the popularity of Vitamin C as a holy grail in skin care is warranted. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that combats quite a number of skin issues such as aging, hyperpigmentation, wrinkle reduction. Aside from that, it also evens out your skin tone which then allows you to have brighter, clearer skin, since it blocks the enzyme responsible for pigmentation.
When used properly and if you know how to choose these topical anti-pigmentation treatment, you and your skin will be alright to say the least.
Aside from pigmentation and spot correction creams, you can also get a professional, non-invasive treatment to lighten the skin area affected. You can choose to get laser therapy, intense pulsed light, chemical peels, or microdermabrasion. However, these cosmetic procedures are not the same. Consider discussing the process and possible side effects properly with a qualified therapist.